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* تفسير Tafsir al-Tustari


{ لِيَمِيزَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْخَبِيثَ مِنَ ٱلطَّيِّبِ وَيَجْعَلَ ٱلْخَبِيثَ بَعْضَهُ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ فَيَرْكُمَهُ جَمِيعاً فَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي جَهَنَّمَ أُوْلَـٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْخَاسِرُونَ }

In order that God may separate the wicked from the good…He [Sahl] said:Wickedness (khabīth) takes different forms: it may be disbelief (kufr), hypocrisy (nifāq), or grave sins (kabāʾir). Likewise goodness (ṭayyib) is manifested in different forms: [that is to say], goodness is faith (īmān), within which are included the [different] ranks of the prophets (anbiyāʾ), veracious (ṣiddīqūn), martyrs (shuhadāʾ) and virtuous (ṣāliḥūn). God, Exalted is He, has informed us that He has separated them from one another [i.e. the good from the bad], and He then ranks the corrupt, one above the other, according to the measure of each of their sins, level upon level, just as He has said: Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest level of the Fire [4:145].His words:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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