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* تفسير Tafsir al-Tustari


{ فَمَا لَكُمْ فِي ٱلْمُنَافِقِينَ فِئَتَيْنِ وَٱللَّهُ أَرْكَسَهُمْ بِمَا كَسَبُوۤاْ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَن تَهْدُواْ مَنْ أَضَلَّ ٱللَّهُ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ ٱللَّهُ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلاً }

…When God Himself has cast them back because of what they earned?...That is, He returned them to the state of ignorance of Him which was the natural constitution of their souls. And the Prophet also said: ‘Do not clean yourselves [after defecation] with bones or animal droppings, for these [undergo] a reversal’, meaning that these return from their former state to becoming the food of jinn. What, do you wish to guide him whom God has left to stray? Misguidance (iḍlāl) from God is His withdrawing His protection (ʿiṣma) [of a person] from that which is forbidden, and His withdrawing His assistance (maʿūna) [from a person] in what He has commanded. His words, Exalted is He:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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