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* تفسير Tafsir al-Tustari


{ يٰدَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي ٱلأَرْضِ فَٱحْكُمْ بَيْنَ ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلْحَقِّ وَلاَ تَتَّبِعِ ٱلْهَوَىٰ فَيُضِلَّكَ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَضِلُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدُ بِمَا نَسُواْ يَوْمَ ٱلْحِسَابِ }

…and do not follow [your] desire, lest it then lead you astray from the way of God…He said:That is, the darkness of desire which obscures the lights of the intuition of the self (dhihn al-nafs), the spirit (rūḥ), the understanding of the intellect (fahm al-ʿaql), and the discernment of the heart (fiṭnat al-qalb). Similarly, the Prophet said: ‘Truly, [when followed], desire (hawā) and lust (shahwa) overwhelm the intellect, knowledge,’ and lucidity (bayān), due to the pre-eternal ordainment of God, Exalted is He. His words:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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