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* تفسير Tafsir al-Tustari


{ وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ مِنَ ٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلاَّ إِنَّهُمْ لَيَأْكُلُونَ ٱلطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشُونَ فِي ٱلأَسْوَاقِ وَجَعَلْنَا بَعْضَكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ فِتْنَةً أَتَصْبِرُونَ وَكَانَ رَبُّكَ بَصِيراً }

…And We have made some of you a trial for others, will you be steadfast? Your Lord is ever Watchful.He said:Verily, God, Exalted is He, has commanded steadfastness (ṣabr) in the face of that in which He has placed a test (fitna) for mankind. From this [steadfastness] comes a diminishing in one’s coveting (iṭrāq) what [other] people possess. Abū Ayyūb related concerning the Prophet that a man came to him ⸢and said ‘Give me a sermon, in a few words⸣’, so he said, ‘When you stand for prayer, perform the prayer of one who is bidding farewell; do not say anything which you will be sorry for saying tomorrow; and resolve to give up hope of [attaining] that which other people possess.’ Indeed our predecessors used to take full advantage of this [admonition], such that it is related of Ḥudhayfa that he said, ‘Truly, the most delightful day for me is the day on which I return home and my family complains to me of their need. This is because I heard the Messenger of God say: “Verily God has kept the world from his believing servant, just as the family of a sick person keeps food and drink from him. Indeed, God promises the believer affliction (balāʾ) just as the father promises good things (khayr) for his son.”’His words, Exalted is He:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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