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* تفسير Al Qushairi Tafsir

{ فَأَزَلَّهُمَا ٱلشَّيْطَٰنُ عَنْهَا فَأَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيهِ وَقُلْنَا ٱهْبِطُواْ بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي ٱلأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَٰعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ }

Then Satan caused them to slip therefrom and brought them out of what they were in He caused them to slip azallahumā that is “he made them slip” ḥamalahumā ʿalā l-zalla. In actuality nothing gave them free agency except the divine power and nothing turned them about except the divine decree. He brought them out of what they were in publicly with respect to rank and degree but [secretly] their standing only increased in nobility and worth in the determination of the Real سبحانه. and We said “Go down some of you an enemy to the other” Although He sowed enmity between the two of them and Satan [God] سبحانه was with Adam and sided with him in the victory decreed for them. Satan has little weight to assert his enmity because the power of the Real سبحانه is unassailable. God most high said Truly over My servants you shall have no warrant [15:42]. If Satan were to have authority to seduce others he would have had the possibility of guiding himself. How can that beḍ The unique ability to create every thing is one of the characteristics that describe [God] سبحانه. and in the earth a dwelling shall be yours and enjoyment for a while. The place of assembly and familiarity for corporeal forms ashkāl are the regions of the earth. The place of acquaintance and pasture for the spirits arwāḥ is beyond the throne. The expression “beyond” warāÌ though is a metaphor or hyperbole here. How could aspirations have any connec- tion to eventsḍ How could the ascent of intentions toward realities share a location with anything elseḍ