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* تفسير Al Qushairi Tafsir

{ وَكَذَلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطاً لِّتَكُونُواْ شُهَدَآءَ عَلَى ٱلنَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ ٱلرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيداً وَمَا جَعَلْنَا ٱلْقِبْلَةَ ٱلَّتِي كُنتَ عَلَيْهَآ إِلاَّ لِنَعْلَمَ مَن يَتَّبِعُ ٱلرَّسُولَ مِمَّن يَنقَلِبُ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيْهِ وَإِن كَانَتْ لَكَبِيرَةً إِلاَّ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ هَدَى ٱللَّهُ وَمَا كَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِيُضِيعَ إِيمَانَكُمْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِٱلنَّاسِ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ }

Thus We appointed you a community of the middle way that you might be witnesses to the people; and that the Messenger might be a witness to you The middle way is the best and He appointed this community the best of communities. He appointed this group ṬāÌifa the best of this com- munity for they are the best of the best. Just as this community will be witnesses over the communities at the resurrection so this group are the [foundational] roots uṣūl around which [the community] turns: they are the pole quṬb and through them God protects the entire community. Whomever their hearts accept is accepted and whomever their hearts reject is rejected-the judgment ḥukm is theirs.Their inward perception firāsa is sincere and true their judgment is sound and their reflective thought naẓar is correct; [they are] a protection for the entire community from agreeing on error. The protection of this group from error comes from [their] consideration and judgment [their] acceptance and rejection. Moreover the building of their affair rests upon the way sunna of the Messenger ﷺ. Anything which is not an emulation of the Messenger عليه السلام is a rejection of him and its follower has nothing. We did not appoint the direction you were facing except that We might know who followed the Messenger from him who turned on his heels-though it were a grave thing save for those whom God has guided; but God would never cause your faith to be wasted; truly God is Gentle with people Merciful. [God] explained that the decree in determining the matter of the qibla up to the time of the change and then at the time of the substitution was a test for them from the Real in order to distinguish the sincere ṣādiq from the one who reneges māriq. To those who viewed the matter with the eye of separation ʿayn al-tafriqa the change was intolerable. To those who looked with the eye of reality ʿayn al-ḥaqīqa the true sense appeared to their inner sight baṣīra. Then He said “but God would never cause your faith to be wasted.” That is for those who are with God in all [their] states with one heart the differences in their states are one whether He causes change or stillness makes firm or shifts confirms or changes-they are through Him for Him in all [their] states. The one who spoke for them said: However the glass turns we turn. The ignorant think we have become crazed. Whether they face the east or west whether they turn toward a stone or approach dry earth the goal of their hearts is one and what belongs to the One so the decree of everything in it is one.