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* تفسير Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs

{ فَمَنْ خَافَ مِن مُّوصٍ جَنَفاً أَوْ إِثْماً فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ }

until, that is, the following verse was revealed: (But he who feareth from a testator) knows that the testator has committed (some unjust or sinful clause) purposefully committed a mistake or transgression (and maketh peace between the parties) between the inheritors and the testator, i.e. he corrects what is in the will by reducing any bequest to a maximum of a third of the wealth, (no sin for him) he bears no sin in doing so. (Lo! Allah is Forgiving) He forgives the deceased if he transgresses or makes a mistake, (Merciful) in relation to the deed of the testator; it is also said that this means: He forgives the testator, and He is also merciful because He gave dispensation to reduce bequests to a third and thus commanded that one adhere to fairness.

Tafsir Ibn 'Abbas, trans. Mokrane Guezzou
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