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* تفسير Kashani Tafsir


{ وَلِلَّهِ يَسْجُدُ مَن فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ طَوْعاً وَكَرْهاً وَظِلالُهُم بِٱلْغُدُوِّ وَٱلآصَالِ }

And to God prostrates, [to Him] submits, whatever is in the heavens and the earth, of the realities that are the spiritual entities, such as the individual substances and the angelic realm of things, and also their shadows, that is, their frames and their bodies, which are the idols that represent those spiritual entities and their shadows, which is why the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, said [the following words] during this prostration: 'My face, my core and my shadow prostrate to You', in other words, the reality of my essence, the core of me as an individual and the shadow of my soul, meaning, my existence, me as an entity and me as an individuation [prostrate to You], willingly or unwillingly, that is, whether they desire or refuse. The meaning is that they are required to do so necessarily and not that some of them are obedient and others averse; in the mornings and the evenings, that is, always.