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* تفسير Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi


{ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱشْتَرَىٰ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ ٱلْجَنَّةَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ وَعْداً عَلَيْهِ حَقّاً فِي ٱلتَّوْرَاةِ وَٱلإِنْجِيلِ وَٱلْقُرْآنِ وَمَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ فَٱسْتَبْشِرُواْ بِبَيْعِكُمُ ٱلَّذِي بَايَعْتُمْ بِهِ وَذَلِكَ هُوَ ٱلْفَوْزُ ٱلْعَظِيمُ }

(Lo! Allah hath bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because the Garden will be theirs…) [9:111]. Muhammad ibn Ka‘b al-Qurazi said: “When the Helpers — seventy in number — swore allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, at al-‘Aqabah in Mecca, ‘Abd Allah ibn Rawahah said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, stipulate anything you wish with regard to your Lord and to yourself’. He said: ‘As for my Lord, I stipulate that you worship Him and not associate anything with him; and I stipulate for myself that you defend me from that which you would defend yourselves’. They said: ‘What do we get if we were to do this?’ He said: ‘The Garden!’ they exclaimed: ‘This is a prosperous transaction; we will not revoke it nor will we resign it’. And so this verse was revealed”.


Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou