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* تفسير Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi


{ يَٰأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّبِيُّ ٱتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ وَلاَ تُطِعِ ٱلْكَافِرِينَ وَٱلْمُنَافِقِينَ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً }

(O Prophet! Keep thy duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites…) [33:1]. This verse was revealed about Abu Sufyan, ‘Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl and Abu’l-A‘war al-Sulami [‘Amr ibn Sufyan]. After the fighting at Uhud, they travelled to Medina and stayed as guests at ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy’s. The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, had allowed them to come to speak with him with his assurance of protection. They went to see the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, accompanied by ‘Abd Allah ibn Sa‘d ibn Abi Sarh and Tu‘mah ibn Ubayriq. They said to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, who had ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab with him: “Reject the mention of our idols al-Lat, al-‘Uzza and Manat and say that they have benefit and the power of intercession for those who worship them, and we will leave you alone with your Lord!” Their words hurt the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be well pleased with him, said: “Let me kill them, O Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet said: “I have given them my assurance of protection”, upon which ‘Umar said to them: “Leave with Allah’s curse and wrath upon you”. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, commanded ‘Umar to drive them out of Medina, and then Allah, glorious and majestic is He, revealed this verse.


Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou