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* تفسير Tafsir al-Jalalayn


{ وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمُ ٱثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أَسْبَاطاً أُمَماً وَأَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ إِذِ ٱسْتَسْقَاهُ قَوْمُهُ أَنِ ٱضْرِب بِّعَصَاكَ ٱلْحَجَرَ فَٱنبَجَسَتْ مِنْهُ ٱثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْناً قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَّشْرَبَهُمْ وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْغَمَامَ وَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْمَنَّ وَٱلسَّلْوَىٰ كُلُواْ مِن طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَـٰكِن كَانُوۤاْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ }

And We divided them We separated the Children of Israel into twelve ithnatay ‘asharata is a circumstantial qualifier tribes asbātan substitutes for this previous circumstantial qualifier communities umaman substitutes for the preceding asbātan ‘tribes’. And We revealed to Moses when his people asked him for water in the wilderness saying ‘Strike the rock with your staff’ and he struck it and there gushed forth burst forth from it twelve fountains equal to the number of tribes each people each tribe among them now knew their drinking-place. And We made the cloud overshadow them in the wilderness from the heat of the sun and We sent down to them manna and quails — which are respectively a type of citrus turunjabīn and the quail and We said to them ‘Eat of the good things We have provided for you.’ And they did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves.


Tafsir al-Jalalayn, trans. Feras Hamza
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