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* تفسير Tafsir al-Jalalayn


{ إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَلاَ تَلْوُونَ عَلَىٰ أحَدٍ وَٱلرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِيۤ أُخْرَٰكُمْ فَأَثَـٰبَكُمْ غَمّاً بِغَمٍّ لِّكَيْلاَ تَحْزَنُواْ عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلاَ مَآ أَصَـٰبَكُمْ وَٱللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ }

Remember when you were ascending fleeing in the distance not turning around not stopping for anyone and the Messenger was calling you from your rear saying ‘Come to me servants of God this way servants of God!’ so He rewarded you He requited you with grief through defeat for grief ghamman bi-ghamm; the bā’ bi- ‘with’ is said to mean ‘alā ‘for’ because of the grief that you caused the Prophet when you disobeyed his command that is with grief doubled being in addition to the grief of the booty forfeited so that li-kaylā is semantically connected either to ‘afā ‘He has pardoned’ or athābakum ‘He rewarded you’; the lā of kay-lā is thus extra you might not grieve for what escaped you of booty neither for what befell you of being slain and of defeat; and God is aware of what you do.


Tafsir al-Jalalayn, trans. Feras Hamza
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