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* تفسير Tafsir al-Tustari

{ وَمِن ثَمَرَاتِ ٱلنَّخِيلِ وَٱلأَعْنَابِ تَتَّخِذُونَ مِنْهُ سَكَراً وَرِزْقاً حَسَناً إِنَّ فِي ذٰلِكَ لآيَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ }

And of the fruits of date-palms and vines from which you draw wine and goodly provision.He [Abū Bakr al-Sijzī] said, ‘This verse was abrogated by the verse on wine (khamr). Ibrāhīm and Shuʿabī also said this.’ Sahl said:As far as I am concerned, wine (sakar) is anything which intoxicates the lower self (nafs) in this world, and for which it [the nafs] does not believe it will be punished in the Hereafter.Abū Ḥamza al-Ṣūfī visited Sahl and he asked him: ‘Where have you been, Abū Ḥamza?’ He replied, ‘We were with such and such a person who informed us that intoxication is of four kinds.’ He said, ‘Tell me what they are.’ [Abū Ḥamza continued], ‘The intoxication of drink, the intoxication of youth, the intoxication of wealth and the intoxication of authority.’ Sahl replied, ‘There are two kinds of intoxication which he did not inform you about.’ He asked, ‘What are they?’ and Sahl answered, ‘The intoxication of the scholar who loves this world, and the intoxication of the worshipper who loves to be noticed.’His words, Exalted is He:


Tafsīr al-Tustarī, trans. Annabel Keeler and Ali Keeler
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