(Allah hath heard the saying of her that disputeth with thee (Muhammad) concerning her husband…) [58:1]. Abu Sa‘d Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Ghazi informed us> Abu ‘Amr Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hiri> Ahmad ibn ‘Ali al-Muthanna> Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaybah> Muhammad ibn Abi ‘Ubaydah> his father> al-A‘mash> Tamim ibn Salamah> ‘Urwah who reported that ‘A’ishah said: “Glory be to Him Whose hearing encompass all things; I could hear the speech of Khawlah bint Tha‘labah, even though not in full, while she was complaining about her husband to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. She said: ‘He has worn out my youth and I let him physically enjoy me but when I grew older and could no longer bear children, he put me away, saying that I am as his mother. O Allah, I complain to you’. She did not move from her position until Gabriel came down with these verses (Allah hath heard the saying of her that disputeth with thee (Muhammad) concerning her husband, and complaineth unto Allah…)”. This was narrated by al-Hakim Abu ‘Abd Allah in his Sahih> Muhammad al-Muzani> Mutayr> Abu Kurayb> Muhammad ibn Abi ‘Ubaydah. Abu Bakr ibn al-Harith informed us> Abu’l-Shaykh al-Hafiz al-Asfahani> ‘Abdan ibn Ahmad> Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Sa‘id> Yahya ibn ‘Isa al-Ramli> al-A‘mash> Tamim ibn Salamah> ‘Urwah> ‘A’ishah who said: “Praise be to Allah Who can hear all sounds! The woman disputant came and spoke with the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, while I was at one side of the room and I did not understand what she was saying. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed (Allah hath heard the saying of her that disputeth with thee (Muhammad) concerning her husband…)”.
Asbab Al-Nuzul by Al-Wahidi , trans. Mokrane Guezzou