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* تفسير Kashani Tafsir

{ إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَلاَ تَلْوُونَ عَلَىٰ أحَدٍ وَٱلرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِيۤ أُخْرَٰكُمْ فَأَثَـٰبَكُمْ غَمّاً بِغَمٍّ لِّكَيْلاَ تَحْزَنُواْ عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلاَ مَآ أَصَـٰبَكُمْ وَٱللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ }

so He rewarded you with grief for grief, that is, He turned you away from them and rewarded you with grief because of a grief that befell God's Messenger from your part when you disobeyed him and lost heart and quarreled. Or [it means] grief after grief, doubled, so that you might be trained to be patient and to remain firm in adversity, and so that you might become accustomed to seeing power, victory and spoils and all things as being from God and not from your own souls, so that you might not grieve for what eluded you, of shares and benefits, neither for what befell you, of grief and harm.