* تفسير Tafsir al-Jalalayn

{ فِيۤ أَدْنَى ٱلأَرْضِ وَهُم مِّن بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ }

in the nearer part of the land that is in the Byzantine land that lies nearest to Persia in Mesopotamia al-Jazīra. There the two armies met and the Persians were the ones who had begun the invasion. But they that is the Byzantines after their vanquishing ghalabihim the verbal noun ghalab has been annexed to the direct object hum in other words ghalabatu fāris iyyāhum ‘the Persians’ vanquishing of them’ shall be the victors over the Persians


Tafsir al-Jalalayn, trans. Feras Hamza
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